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Linda Flynn, PhD, RN, FAAN


Linda Flynn

Linda Flynn completed an NIH-funded post-doctoral research fellowship at the University of Pennsylvania Center for Health Outcomes and Policy Research under the direction of Dr. Linda Aiken. For the ensuing decade, her funded program of outcomes research has focused on the effects of nursing systems (e.g., nurse-staffing levels, the practice environment, and nurse manager leadership) on patient care and patient outcomes across practice settings. She was among the first researchers to study the impact of a “magnetic” nursing practice environment on patient outcomes in home health and nursing homes, thus extending this important line of inquiry to settings beyond acute-care hospitals. Within the hospital setting, she quantified the relationships among the practice environment, nurses’ safety practices, and the frequency of non-intercepted medication errors in 82 medical/surgical units. Building on those findings, she recently designed and tested a manager-development program, N-MAP, aimed at improving patient safety and reducing the number of adverse events. Due to the policy implications of her work, she is a past recipient of the Governor’s Merit Award for excellence in research and the C.A.R.E. Award from the New Jersey State Nurses Association. She was inducted as a Fellow in the American Academy of Nursing in 2009.

Flynn is the co-editor of the textbook “Nursing Policy Research: Turning Evidence-Based Research into Health Policy.” She has published in numerous interdisciplinary and nursing-research journals and serves as a peer reviewer for the Journal of the American Geriatric Society, Journal of Nursing Scholarship, Western Journal of Nursing Research, and other publications.

Post-Graduate Training Postdoctoral Research Fellowship (National Institutes of Nursing Research, NIH) T32 NR07104: “Advanced Training in Nursing Outcomes Research” Center for Health Outcomes & Policy Research, University of Pennsylvania School of Nursing, Philadelphia, PA

Mentor: Linda Aiken, PhD, RN, FAAN, FRCN

Degree Awarding Institution Field of Study Graduation Date
PhD Rutgers University
Newark, New Jersey
Nursing Research 1995
MS Rutgers University
Newark, New Jersey
Community Health Nursing 1990
BS University of Maryland
Baltimore, Maryland
Nursing 1975

Peer-Reviewed Journals

  1. Flynn, L., Liang, Y., Dickson, G.L., Xie, M., & Suh, D.C. (2012). Nurses’ practice environments, error interception practices, and inpatient medication errors. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 44(2), 180-186.
  2. Dickson, G.L., & Flynn, L. (2011). Nurses’ clinical reasoning: Processes and practices of medication safety. Qualitative Health Research (lead article), 2(1), 3-16.
  3. JiSun, C., Flynn, L., & Aiken, L.A. (2011). Impact of the nursing practice environment on nurses’ job satisfaction in nursing homes. The Gerontologist (Advanced Access Publishing September 9, 2011).
  4. Aiken, L.H., Sloane, D.M., Cimiotti, J., Flynn, L., Neff, D., & Smith, H. (2011). The effects of nurse staffing and nurse education on patient deaths in hospitals with different nurse work environments. Medical Care 49(12), 1047-53.
  5. Flynn, L., Liang, Y., Dickson, G., & Aiken, L. (2010). Effects of nursing practice environments on quality outcomes in nursing homes. Journal of the American Geriatric Society (JAGS), 58(12), 2401-2406.
  6. Aiken, L.H., Sloane, D.M., Cimiotti, J.P., Clarke, S.P., Flynn, L., Seago, J.A., Spetz, J., Smith, H.L. (2010). Implications of the California nurse staffing mandate for other states. Health Services Research, 45(4), 904-21.
  7. Flynn, L., Thomas-Hawkins, C., & Clarke, S.P. (2009). Organizational traits, care processes, and burnout among chronic hemodialysis nurses. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 31(5), 569-582.
  8. Flynn, L. (2009). The benefits and challenges of multi-site studies: Lessons Learned. AACN Advanced Critical Care, 20(4), 388-391.
  9. Kutney-Lee, A., McHugh, M.D., Sloane, D.M., Cimiotti, J.P., Flynn, L., Neff, D. Aiken, L.H. (2009). Nursing key to patient satisfaction. Health Affairs, 28, w669-w677.
  10. Flynn, L., Budd, M., & Modalski, J. (2008). Enhancing resource utilization among pregnant adolescents. Public Health Nursing, 25(2), 140-148.
  11. Thomas-Hawkins, C., Flynn, L, & Clarke, S.P. (2008). Relationships between registered nurse staffing, processes of nursing care, and nurse-reported patient outcomes in chronic hemodialysis units. Nephrology Nursing Journal, 35(2), 123-131, 145.
  12. Flynn, L. (2007). Extending work environment research into home health settings. Western Journal of Nursing Research, 29(2), 200-212, 2007.
  13. Flynn, L. (2007). Managing care when discharged from home health: A quiet threat to patient safety? Home Healthcare Nurse, 25(3), 184-190.
  14. Flynn, L., Dickson, G., & Moles, D. (2007). Enhancing the nursing workplace. Provider, 33(11), 35-39.
  15. Flynn, L. (2005). The importance of work environment: Evidence-based strategies for enhancing nurse retention. Home Healthcare Nurse, 23(6), 367-371.
  16. Flynn, L., Carryer, J., & Budge, C. (2005). Organizational attributes valued by hospital, home care, and district nurses. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 37(1), 67-72.
  17. Flynn, L. (2005). Research briefs. The state of the science: focus on clinical practice and the nursing practice environment. Home Healthcare Nurse, 23(3), 144-146.
  18. Flynn, L. & Deatrick, J. (2003). Home care nurses’ descriptions of important agency attributes. Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 35(4), 385-390.
  19. Flynn, L. (2003). Important agency traits: findings of a nationwide survey. Home Healthcare Nurse, 21(12), 812-817.
  20. Flynn, L., & Aiken, L.H. (2000). Does international nurse recruitment influence practice values in U.S. hospitals? Journal of Nursing Scholarship, 34(1), 67-73, 2002.
  21. Flynn, L. (2000). A Christian Model of Health Promotion. Journal of Christian Nursing, 18(1), 31-33.
  22. Flynn, L. (1999). The Adolescent Parenting Program: improving outcomes through mentorship. Public Health Nursing, 16(3), 182-189.
  23. Flynn, L. The health practices of homeless women: A causal model. Nursing Research, 46(2) 1997.
  24. Flynn, L., Cell, P., & Luisi, E. (1994). The effectiveness of pelvic muscle exercises in reducing urge incontinence among community residing elders. Journal of Gerontological Nursing, 20(5), 23-27, 44-45 (CEU & exam questions).
  25. Flynn, L. (1994). Continence Restoration: Intervention and Outcomes. Journal of Home Health Practice, 6(3).

Books and Monographs

  1. Dickson, G. & Flynn, L. (Eds), (2008). Nursing policy research: Turning evidence-based research into health policy. New York: Springer.
  2. Dickson, G.L. & Flynn, L. (2009). Situation Critical: Closing the Nurse Supply Gap in New Jersey: A Report to the Honorable Jon S. Corzine, Governor of New Jersey. New Jersey Collaborating Center for Nursing, Newark, NJ.
  3. Flynn, L. (2007). The State of the Nursing Workforce in New Jersey. The New Jersey Collaborating Center for Nursing, Newark, New Jersey.
Title Organization Year
​STTI Excellence in Educational
Research Award
​Sigma Theta Tau International ​​2017
Member National Advisory Committee
Evaluating Innovations in Nursing Education
The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation


Fellow Leadership for Academic Nursing Program
American Association of Colleges of Nursing


Fellow American Academy of Nursing


State Governor’s Award for
Excellence in Research
New Jersey State Nurses Association


C.A.R.E Award for
Excellence in Research
New Jersey State Nurses Association


Excellence in Research Rutgers University
College of Nursing


Sayre Memorial Scholar American Nurses Foundation


Public Media Award  Sigma Theta Tau, International


Inductee Sigma Theta Tau, International


​2010 ​Principal Investigator. Enhancing Leadership and Team-Building Skills of Nurse Managers to Increase Patient Safety. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation INQRI Program (Interdisciplinary Nursing Quality Research Initiative) #68224, November 1, 2010 – April 30, 2012. $299,988.
​2010 ​Consultant @30% effort. National Survey of Nurse Faculty. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, January 1, 2010 – December, 31, 2011. $488,885.
​2007 ​Principal Investigator. A Multifaceted Approach to Reducing Medication Errors. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation INQRI Program (Interdisciplinary Nursing Quality Research Initiative), #59188, June 1, 2007 – May 31, 2009. $308,>
​2007 ​Dual Principal Investigator. The Work Environment and Nurse-reported Outcomes in Dialysis Centers. The American Nephrology Nurses Association. July 1, 2006 – June 3, 2007. $75,000.
​2005 ​Principal Investigator. Impact of Nurse Staffing and Work Environment on Outcomes in New Jersey. Robert Wood Johnson Foundation, # 053071, July 1, 2005 – June 30, 2008. $356,955.

Funded Projects (Educational):

  • 2012, Program Director. The Nurse Faculty Loan Program. Health Resources and Services Administration, # 1E01HP24597-01-00 July 1, 2012 –June 30, 2013. $289,000.
  • 2011, Program Director. The Nurse Faculty Loan Program. Health Resources and Services Administration, #2E01HP13008-03-00. July 1, 2011 –June 6, 2012. $288,723.
  • 2011, Program Director, Advanced Nursing Education Traineeships. Health Resources and Services Administration,# 1A10HP22072-01-00. July 1, 2011 – June 30, 2012. $45,111.
  • 2010, Program Director. Advanced Nursing Education Expansion Program. Health Resources and Services Administration, #1T57HP20604-01-00. September 30, 2010 – September 30, 2015. $807,840.


  • Practice: Dr. Flynn’s clinical practice was focused in hospital-based medical/surgical, public health and home health nursing. In addition, she has many years of experience in administrative /executive practice in both clinical and academic settings. She periodically consults with hospitals in the design and evaluation of manager development programs.