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Journal Policies

Journal articles that do not meet the terms of these policies will be rejected. If articles have already been published, they will be retracted.


Conflict of Interest Policy

Maintenance of the public trust is critical to the mission and reputation of the University of Colorado Denver (UCD), which is committed to upholding the principles of transparency, integrity, and accountability. Our journal abides by the policies established through the University of Colorado's Conflict of Interest and Commitment Committee. This includes not publishing manuscripts in which authors may have situations where financial or other personal considerations have adversely affected, or have the appearance of adversely affecting, the authors’ professional judgment in exercising professional duty or responsibility in administration, management, instruction, research, and other professional activities. A conflict of interest may be financial or non-financial. 

A conflict of interest exists when the authors’ interpretation of data or presentation of information may be influenced by, or may be perceived to be influenced by, their personal or financial relationship with other people or organizations. Authors should disclose any financial conflicts of interest but also any non-financial conflicts of interests that may cause them embarrassment if they were to become public after the publication of the manuscript. If a conflict of interest that was undisclosed is discovered, your manuscript will be immediately rejected. 

If the manuscript has already been published, a retraction will be issued. ​

Policy on Informed Consent

Patients or research participants have a right to privacy that should not be infringed without informed consent. Identifying information, including patients' or research participants’ names, initials, or hospital numbers, should not be published in written descriptions, photographs, and pedigrees unless the information is essential for scientific purposes and the patient (or parent or guardian) gives written informed consent for publication. 

 Informed consent for this purpose requires that a patient or research participant who is identifiable be shown the manuscript to be published. Authors should identify Individuals who provide writing assistance and disclose the funding source for this assistance. 

Our journal requests you omit identifying details if they are not essential. Complete anonymity is difficult to achieve, however, and informed consent should be obtained if there is any doubt. If identifying characteristics are altered to protect anonymity, authors should provide assurance that alterations do not distort scientific meaning. 

When informed consent has been obtained, it will be indicated in the published article. ​

Policy on Research Involving Human Subjects

Research involving human subjects, human material, or human data, must have been performed in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki​ and must have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee or institutional review board. A statement detailing this, including the name of the ethics committee and the reference number where appropriate, must appear in all manuscripts reporting such research. If a study has been granted an exemption from requiring ethics approval, this should also be detailed in the manuscript (including the name of the ethics committee that granted the exemption).

Further information and documentation to support this should be made available to the Editor-in-Chief upon request. Manuscripts may be rejected if the Editor-in-Chief considers that the research has not been carried out within an appropriate ethical framework. 

Our journal deems it unlikely we will publish manuscripts involving animal subjects. If you have a manuscript detailing research that included animal subjects, please contact Journal Manager Sara Mumby prior to submission. Be advised, your research must comply with institutional, national, or international guidelines, and where available should have been approved by an appropriate ethics committee. ​

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