References & Resources

Examples of Learning Contracts

Independent Studies: Learning Contracts Example University of Waterloo, Teaching Resources and Continuing Education

Sample Learning Contract University of North Carolina Greensboro

References & Resources

Knowles, Malcolm (1990). The adult learner: A neglected species. Houston, TX: Gulf Publishing.

Knowles, Malcolm (1975). Self-directed learning: A guide for learners and teachers. Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall.

Knowles, M.S. (1986). Using learning contracts: Practical approaches to individualizing and structuring learning. San Fransicso: Jossey-Bass Publications.

Codde, Joseph R. (2007). Using learning contracts in the college classroom. Retrieved October 19, 2007, from Michigan State University web site:

Hiemstra, Roger (2007). Guidelines for learning contracts. Retrieved October 19, 2007, from

Trace Teaching Resources Office (2007). Independent studies: Learning contracts. Retrieved October 19, 2007, from University of Waterloo web site: