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Observation Hours:

Required observation hours: 45 hours total
Observation must be completed with a licensed physical therapist in the United States

  • Inpatient: minimum of 15 hours required
       (hospital, rehabilitation facility or skilled-nursing facility)
  • Outpatient: minimum of 15 hours required
       (PT clinic, outpatient hospital clinic, sports medicine)
  • Additional setting: minimum of 15 hours required
       (nursing facility, school, home health or specialty care PT clinic)


Obtain three (3) references, including one (1) from each of the following:
  • Licensed physical therapist whom the applicant has observed working with patients in a PT setting AND who holds a current U.S. PT license
  • Science professor or course instructor from the student's major, from a basic science course, or from a course that meets an upper-division science prerequisite
  • Additional professor, health professional or recent employer or supervisor

Health Care Professional must be licensed as: MD, DO, RN (APN, MSN, BSN, DNP), PA-C, PT (BS, MS, MPT, DPT), or OT (BS, MS, MOT, DOT). We do not accept references from PTAs or OTAs. The reference from a Professor may be from the major, from a basic science course, or from a course that meets one of our upper-division science prerequisite courses. Reference from a Professor can be completed by an Instructor, Assistant, Associate or Full Professor. We do NOT accept references from guest lecturers, TAs or Gas. References from coaches, clergy, co-workers, family or friends are NOT accepted.

Coursework Prerequisites

All prerequisite courses must be completed prior to matriculation, although an application may be submitted prior to completing all prerequisite coursework. Only one (1) prerequisite science course may be in progress in the spring semester prior to matriculation. Courses completed with a C- or below are not acceptable. It is recommended that all science and math courses be completed within the last five (5) years. Advanced Placement (AP) and International Baccalaureate (IB) credit is accepted only if a transcript reflects the credit earned.  

The most competitive applicant will have completed the following courses at a four-year institution:

  • Human or Mammalian Anatomy with lab (upper-division preferred) - 4 semester hours
  • Human or Mammalian Physiology with lab (upper-division preferred) - 4 semester hours
  • Combined Human or Mammalian Anatomy and Physiology with labs (upper-division preferred) - 8 semester hours

• Upper-Division science course in biology, chemistry or physics OR an exercise physiology or a biomechanics course - 3 semester hours (Upper-division cell biology, biochemistry, organic chemistry and exercise physiology are strongly recommended courses)
  • General or College Chemistry I and II with lab - 8 semester hours
  • General or College Physics I and II with lab (algebra or calculus-based) - 8 semester hours
  • Math (trigonometry or calculus preferred) - 3 semester hours
  • Psychology (abnormal and developmental psychology preferred) - 6 semester hours
  • Statistics (biostatistics, psychology or mathematics preferred) - 3 semester hours
  • Writing or English Composition - 3 semester hours​