I hear and I forget
I see and I remember
I do and I understand
In the doing is the learning
(Ancient Chinese Proverb)
- Listen for the quiet voice.
- Encourage active and balanced participation by the students.
- Sit anywhere at the table, except at the head of the table.
- Wait at least 10 seconds before responding to silence.
- Use probing questions to stimulate discussion and help students articulate their reasoning process:
- Where should we begin?
- What aspects of your learning issue were of greatest interest to you?
- In what ways could this be important?
- What alternatives could we consider?
- What is our analysis of the situation? (Diagnosis)
- Why do you believe that? (Challenge)
- What arguments might be developed to counter that point of view? (Expansion of thinking)
- Maintain a safe-feeling atmosphere in the group.
- Answer questions with questions.
- Encourage cross-talk amoung students, so talk is not directed at you.
- Give feedback appropriately.
- Check-in with the group at the end of the session.
- Be enthusiastic and have fun.
Remember the three basic PBL tenets:
- students are not empty vessels to be filled by the teacher but are active particpants in their own learning
- the role of the facilitator is to facilitate, not to lecture; and
- leadership of the group is shared with students.