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Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation


The Spine Center

Common Procedures

The Spine Center offers many techniques to help create individualized care for each patient. Here is a brief list of some of the services offered at The Spine Center:

Anterior Cervical Discectomy and Fusion (ACDF)
Anterior cervical discectomy and fusion (ACDF) is a surgery to remove a herniated or degenerative disc in the neck area of the spine.
Watch a video explaining the procedure
Anterior Lumbar Fusion/Anterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion
Anterior lumbar interbody fusion (ALIF) is a type of spinal fusion that utilizes an anterior (front - through the abdominal region) approach to fuse (mend) the lumbar spine bones together.
Watch a video explaining the procedure
Artificial Disc Replacement
Artificial disc replacement surgery involves replacing a painful disc with an artificial disc.
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ATB plate
More to come.
AxiaLIF (Axial Lumbar Interbody Fusion)/TranS-1 fusion
AxiaLIF is a minimally invasive spinal fusion to treat disc problems in the low back. Fusion stabilizes the spine to stop the painful motion and decompress pinched nerves. Through a small incision at the tailbone, the damaged disc is removed and a rod placed to correct the spacing between the vertebrae. During healing, the bones will fuse together. AxiaLIF has little blood loss and scarring. The major muscles in the back are avoided, so recovery is quicker. It can be performed outpatient; some patients go home the same day.
Cervical Corpectomy
An anterior cervical corpectomy is a procedure performed when cervical disease encompasses more than just the disc space, such as multi-level cervical stenosis or spinal cord compression caused by bone spur growth. It involves the removal of the vertebral body as well as the disc spaces at either end, to completely decompress the cervical canal.
Watch a video explaining the procedure
Cervical Decompression
More to come.
Cervical Discectomy
More to come.
Cervical Foraminotomy
Cervical foraminotomy is an alternative surgical procedure to relieve symptoms of a pinched spinal nerve. This procedure is performed through the back of the neck and it creates more space for the spinal nerve to pass through.
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Cervical Laminectomy
In a cervical laminectomy procedure, a portion of bone is removed from the spine in the neck to relieve pressure caused by cervical spinal stenosis.
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Cervical Laminoplasty
Cervical laminoplasty is a surgical technique that removes pressure from the spinal cord in then neck.
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Charité Disc
The Charité Artificial Disc is a total disc replacement technology that uses two metal alloy endplates and its unique sliding core.
Decompression/Lumbar Decompression/Thoracic Decompression
Decompression is a surgical procedure that is performed to alleviate pain caused by pinched nerves (neural impingement). During a lumbar decompression back surgery, a small portion of the bone over the nerve root and/or disc material from under the nerve root is removed to give the nerve root more space and provide a better healing environment.
Discectomy/Lumbar Discectomy/Thoracic Discectomy
A discectomy (also called open discectomy) is the surgical removal of herniated disc material that presses on a nerve root or the spinal cord. The procedure involves removing the central portion of an intervertebral disc, the nucleus pulposus, which causes pain by stressing the spinal cord or radiating nerves.
Foraminotomy is a medical operation used to relieve pressure on nerves that are being compressed by the intervertebral foramina, the passages through the bones of the vertebrae of the spine that pass nerve bundles to the body from the spinal cord.
Kyphoplasty is a minimally invasive surgical procedure used for treating a compression fracture resulting from osteoporosis.
Watch a video explaining the procedure
Laminectomy/Lumbar Laminectomy/Thoracic Laminectomy
Laminectomy is surgery that creates space by removing the lamina — the back part of the vertebra that covers your spinal canal. Also known as decompression surgery, laminectomy enlarges your spinal canal to relieve pressure on the spinal cord or nerves.
Microdiscectomy/Microscopic Discectomy
In a microdiscectomy or microdecompression spine surgery, a small portion of the bone over the nerve root and/or disc material from under the nerve root is removed to relieve neural impingement and provide more room for the nerve to heal.
Minimally invasive surgery
Minimally invasive surgery is becoming more and more common in hospitals. These procedures are performed through tiny incisions instead of one large opening. Because the incisions are small, patients tend to have quicker recovery times and less discomfort than with conventional surgery — all with the same benefits.
Posterior Lumbar Interbody Fusion (PLIF)
Posterior lumbar interbody fusion is a procedure performed by approaching the spine through the low back. It involves the insertion of a bone graft into the disc space to help the vertebrae to fuse together.
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The ProDisc is one of several manufacturers currently researching, developing and testing total disc replacement in the US.
Reduction and fusion of spondylolisthesis
Spondylolisthesis is the forward displacement of a vertebra, especially the fifth lumbar vertebra, most commonly occurring after a break or fracture.
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Revision Spine Surgery
Revision spine surgery is surgery performed in certain patients to correct the problems of earlier spine surgery.
Scoliosis Corrective Surgery
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Spinal Fusion
Spinal fusion, also known as spondylodesis or spondylosyndesis, is a surgical technique used to join two or more vertebrae. Supplementary bone tissue, either from the patient (autograft) or a donor (allograft), is used in conjunction with the body's natural bone growth (osteoblastic) processes to fuse the vertebrae.
Transforaminal Lumbar Interbody Fusion
Transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (TLIF) is a procedure that fuses the anterior and posterior columns of the spine through a posterior approach. A bone graft and interbody spacer stabilize the anterior portion while the posterior is locked in place with pedicle screws, rods and bone graft.
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Treatment of Pseudarthrosis
Pseudarthrosis (commonly referred to as a nonunion or false joint) is a bone fracture that has no chance of mending without intervention. In pseudarthrosis the body perceives bone fragments as separate bones and does not attempt to unite them.
XLIF - eXtreme Lateral Interbody Fusion
Lateral lumbar interbody fusion (XLIF) is a minimally-invasive procedure used to treat leg or back pain generally caused by degenerative disc disease. The procedure is performed through the patient’s side, avoiding the major muscles of the back.
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The X-STOP is a minimally invasive surgical procedure designed to relieve symptoms of lumbar spinal stenosis.
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