Yes, and it is different for each type of virus; some have error-correction systems and some, like HIV, do not, which makes them extremely mutable.
Error-prone replication machinery always causes a few mutations. Then, chemical mutagens in the medium and ionizing radiation (UV, gamma rays) also contribute.
Flu does not go latent in a cured animal or person the way herpes viruses do, so they do not re-emerge later. But a virus can disappear from the human population only to reappear years later; in that case it has probably been in an animal host.
We do not yet know why this new flu seems to be particularly hard on pregnant women.
No, only Varicella-zoster (chicken pox) virus, which is an distant member of the herpes family.
Pneumonia can be a consequence of flu, and can either be caused by the virus or by a secondary bacterial infection. No one has yet been reported to have pandemic H1N1 2009 and seasonal flu at the same time.
At this time we do not know how to get rid of latent viruses.
There are a series of vaccines recommended for adults; measles is not included. Read more: http://www.cdc.gov/vaccines/recs/schedules/adult-schedule.htm.
Fleas that acquire plague get “blocked” by the high numbers of bacteria, so when they bite a mammalian host the bacteria are regurgitated into the wound. The flea will die as it cannot absorb blood. Host animals (certain rodents) have lived so long with plague that they are not susceptible to it, but can pass it via flea bites to susceptible rodents and people.
Yes, there is community-acquired MRSA everywhere now.
Very different. It just happens to have similar (but not identical) H and N genes.
It is about the same or a bit higher. But it affects younger people more severely.