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Resources for Qualitative Inquiry


The Qualitative Research Methods Forum is a community of practice dedicated to building qualitative research knowledge and skills by sharing by expertise and opportunities.


Adler, Patricia A. and Peter Adler. (1987). Membership Roles in Field Research. Qualitative Research Methods Series 6. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

Agar, Micheal. H. (1980). The Professional Stranger: An Informal Introduction to Ethnography. San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Bazeley, Pat. (2007). Qualitative Data Analysis with NVivo. (2nd edition). Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publications.

Bernard, H. Russell (2006). Research Methods in Anthropology: Qualitative and Quantitative Approaches. Fourth edition. Lanham, MD: Altamira Press.

Bernard, H. Russell, and Gery W. Ryan. (2010). Analyzing Qualitative Data: Systematic Approaches. Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publications.

Charmaz, Kathy. (2006) Constructing Grounded Theory:  A Practical Guide Through Qualitative Analysis. Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publications.

Corbin, Juliet, and Anselm Strauss. (2008). Basics of Qualitative Research. Third edition. Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publications.

Crabtree, Benjamin, & Miller, William. (Eds.) (1999). Doing Qualitative Research (2nd edition). London: Sage.

Creswell, John W. (2009). Research Design: Qualitative, Quantitative, and Mixed Methods Approaches. (3rd edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Crotty, M. (1996). Phenomenology and Nursing Research. South Melbourne, Australia: Churchill Livingstone.

Crotty, M. (1998). The Foundations of Social Research: Meaning and Perspective in Research. London: Sage.

Denzin, Norman K., & Lincoln, Yvonna. (2007). Collecting and Interpreting Qualitative Materials (3rd edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Denzin, Norman K., & Lincoln, Yvonna. (2007). The Landscape of Qualitative Research. (3rd edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Denzin, Norman K., & Lincoln, Yvonna. (2007). Strategies of Qualitative Inquiry (3rd edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Emerson, Robert M., Rachel I. Fretz, and Linda L. Shaw. (1995). Writing Ethnographic Fieldnotes. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Guest, Greg, and Kathleen M. MacQueen, eds. (2008). Handbook for Team-Based Qualitative Research. Lanham, MD: Altamira Press.

Handwerker, W. Penn. (2001). Quick Ethnography. Walnut Creek, CA: Altamira Press.

Hesse-Biber, Sharlene Nagy. (2010). Mixed Methods Research: Merging Theory with Practice. New York: Guilford Books.

Johnson, Jeffrey C. (1990). Selecting Ethnographic Informants. Qualitative Research Methods Series 22. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

Koch, T. & Kralik, D. (2006). Participatory Action Research in Healthcare. London: Blackwell.

Lambert, Joe. (2006). Digital Storytelling Cookbook. Berkeley, CA: Digital Diner Press.

Lassiter, Luke Eric. (2005). The Chicago Guide to Collaborative Ethnography. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

LeCompte, Margaret D. and Jean J. Schensul. Eds. (1999). The Ethnographer’s Toolkit. Seven volume series. Walnut Creek, CA: Altamira Press.

  Volume 1: Designing and Conducting Ethnographic Research
  Volume 2: Essential Ethnographic Methods: Observations, Interviews, and Questionnaires
  Volume 3: Enhanced Ethnographic Methods: Audiovisual Techniques, Focused Group Interviews, and
                   Elicitation Techniques
  Volume 4: Mapping Social Networks, Spatial Data, and Hidden Populations
  Volume 5: Analyzing and Interpreting Ethnographic Data
  Volume 6: Researcher Roles and Research Partnerships
  Volume 7: Using Ethnographic Data: Intervention, Public Programming, and Public Policy.

Lewins, Ann, and Christina Silver. (2007). Using Software in Qualitative Research: A Step-by-Step Guide. Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publications.

McLean, Athena. (2007). The Shadow Side of Fieldwork: Exploring the Blurred Borders Between Ethnography and Life. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.

Miles, Matthew B., and Huberman, Michael. Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook (2nd ed.)

Morgan, David L. (1988). Focus Groups as Qualitative Research. Qualitative Research Methods Series 16. Newbury Park, CA: Sage Publications.

Morse, J.M. and Neihaus, L. (2009). Mixed Method Design: Principles and Procedures. CA: Left Coast Press.

Moustakas, Clark. (1994). Phenomenological Research Methods. Thousand Oaks, California: Sage.

Pagett, D.K. (2008). Qualitative Methods in Social Work Research. (2nd edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Patton, Michael Quinn. (2002). Qualitative Research & Evaluation Methods. 3rd ed. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Ragin, Charles C., Joane Nagel, and Patricia White. (2004). Workshop on Sicenctific Foudnation of Qualitative Research. Washington, DC: National Science Foundation.

Reed, J. (2007) Appreciative Inquiry: Research for Change. Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Robben, Antonius C. G. M., and Jeffrey A. Sluka. (2007). Ethnographic Fieldwork: An Anthropological Reader. Malden, MA: Blackwell Publishing.

Saldaña, Johnny. (2003). Longitudinal Qualitative Research: Analyzing Change Through Time. Walnut Creek, CA: Altamira Press.

Sanjek, Roger, ed. (1990). Fieldnotes: The Makings of Anthropology. Ithaca, NY: Cornell Univeristy Press.

Stringer, E.T. (2007). Action Research. (3rd edition). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.

Ulin, Priscilla R., Elizabeth T. Robinson, and Elizabeth E. Tolley. (2005). Qualitative Methods in Public Health: A Field Guide for Applied Research. San Francisco, CA: Jossey-Bass.

Ulin, Priscilla R., Elizabeth T. Robinson, and Elizabeth E. Tolley. (2006). Investigación Aplicada en Salud Pública: Métodos Cualitativos. Washington, DC: Organización Panamericana de la Salud.

Van Manen, M. (1990). Researching Lived Experience: Human Science for an Action Sensitive Pedagogy. Albany: State University of New York Press.

Willis, Peter, Smith, Robert, and Collins, Emily. (2000). Being, Seeking, Telling: Expressive Approaches to Qualitative Adult Education Research. Flaxton, Queensland, Australia: Post Pressed.

Wolcott, Harry F. (2009). Writing Up Qualitative Research. Third edition. Los Angeles, CA: Sage Publications.


Agar, Michael, and James MacDonald. (1995). Focus Groups and Ethnography. Human Organization 54(1): 78-86.

Cohen, DJ and Crabtree, BF. (2008). Evaluative Criteria for Qualitative Research in Health Care: Controversies and Recommendations. Annals of Family Medicine, 6, 331-339.

Heckathorn, DD. (1997). Respondent-Driven Sampling: A New Approach to the Study of Hidden Populations. Social Problems, 44, 174-199.

La Pelle, N. (2004). Simplifying Qualitative Data Analysis Using General Purpose Software Tools. Field Methods, 16, 85-108.

Leech, N. L., Dellinger, A. B., Brannagan, K. B., & Tanaka, H. (2010). Evaluating mixed methods studies: A mixed methods approach. Journal of Mixed Methods Research, 4(1), 17-31. DOI:10.1177/1558689809345262

Leech, N. L., & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2007). An array of qualitative analysis tools: A call for data analysis triangulation. School Psychology Quarterly, 22, 557-584. DOI:10.1037/1045-3830/22/4/557 

Leech, N. L., & Onwuegbuzie, A. J.  (2008). Qualitative data analysis: A compendium of techniques for school psychology research and beyond. School Psychology Quarterly, 23, 587-604. doi:10.1037/1045-3830.23.4.587 

Leech, N. L., & Onwuegbuzie, A. J.  (2010). Guidelines for conducting and reporting mixed research in the field of counseling and beyond. Journal of Counseling and Development, 88, 61-69.

Leech, N. L., & Onwuegbuzie, A. J. (2011). Beyond constant comparison qualitative data analysis: Using Nvivo. School Psychology Quarterly, 26, 70-84. doi:10.1037/a0022711

Lieber, Eli, Thomas S. Weisner, and Matthew Presley. (2003). EthnoNotes: An Internet-Based Field Note Management Tool. Field Methods 15(4):405-425.

Patterson, S.E., Hart, J., and Weaver, T.D. (2010). Delusions and Qualitative Confusions: A Dialogic Collaborative Exploration. Qualitative Health Research, 20, 1008-1018.

Pelto, Pertti J, and Gretel H. Pelto. (1997). Studying Knowledge, Culture, and Behavior in Applied Medical Anthropology. Medical Anthropology Quarterly 11(2):252-255.

Ramirez-Valles, Jesus, Douglas D. Heckathorn, Raquel Vazquez, Rafael M. Diaz, and Richard T. Campbell. (2005). From Networks to Populations: The Development and Application of Respondent-Driven Sampling among IDUs and Latino Gay Men." AIDS and Behavior 9(4):387-402.

Ryan, G.W. and Bernard, H.R. (2003). Techniques to Identify Themes. Field Methods, 15, 85-109.

Ryan, G.W. (2004). Using a Word Processor to Tag and Retrieve Blocks of Text. Field Methods, 16, 109-130.

Stockdale, Margaret S. (2002). Analyzing Focus Group Data with Spreadsheets. American Journal of Health Studies, 18, 55-60.

Swallow, V, Newton, J., Van Lottum, C. (2003). How to Manage and Display Qualitative Data using "Framework" and Microsoft Excel.  Journal of Clinical Nursing, 12, 610-612.

A Selection of Qualitative "Friendly" Journals

Useful Websites for Qualitative Inquiry

The Robert Wood Johnson Foundation’s Qualitative Research Guidelines Project:

Open Source Qualitative Resource Tool for Macs:

The Qualitative Report:

Action Research:

Community Campus Partnerships for Health:

Howard Becker’s Home Page (see article and books):

Hermeneutic Phenomenology:

International Institute for Qualitative Methodology:

Qual Page:

Forum for Qualitative Social Research: