Specialty choice is a big decision and requires careful research and planning. Career planning is a four-step process that should include the following areas:
1. Self assessment means of getting to know yourself. That includes understanding what you are interested in and what you are good at, thinking about your career and desired lifestyle, and understanding influences and educational experiences that have led you to a career in medicine.
2. Exploring your options requires knowing the content and nature of each specialty, and which ones appeal to you most.
3. Making a decision about specialty choice will occur usually sometime during third year or early fourth year
4. During fourth year, the focus will shift to The Match and getting into a residency program.