Pectus Excavatum is a deformity of the sternum where the breast bone is sunken into the chest. This results in the chest bowing inward and leaving the appearance of a depression in the chest. This condition can be noticed at birth but generally worsens during adolescence. This condition is more common in boys than girls, may be familial, and, depending on its severity, can interfere with the function of the heart and lungs. Surgery can correct the deformity.
Pectus Carinatum is the opposite of pectus excavatum where the sternum is forced forward. This protrusion is caused by the formation of cartilage around the sternum. This deformity can be evident at birth and gradually worsens as the child develops. As opposed to pectus excavatum, pectus carinatum is generally only a cosmetic condition.
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