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Activities and Resources




 Consultation and Training

For many years, the Harris Program has consulted with a number of local and state agencies involved in the provision of mental health services to infants, young children, and their families. The goal of these efforts has been to expand these services throughout the state of Colorado and to create a network of agencies and providers to underserved populations. In addition, Harris Program faculty provide training and clinical/program consultation to mental health specialists and staff at agencies in outlying areas related to the clients they serve.

Please contact Dr. Karen Frankel by email or calling 303-724-3725 to inquire about the possibility of arranging training/consultation for an agency and its staff. Such arrangements are made on a case-by-case basis.

Additionally, Dr. Frankel leads a 2-day training workshop on the Diagnostic Classification (DC: 0-3R) System in conjunction with JFK Partners each fall.


 Community Based-Doula Training Program

​The Harris Program developed a community-based doula program, modeled after the community-based doula program created by Health Connect One (HCO; formerly Chicago Health Connection) in 2004, with financial support from the Daniels Fund and The Irving Harris Foundation. The Harris Community-Based Doula Program provided community-based doula training and conducted a modified replication study of HCO’s original 4-year community-based doula pilot project.

An intervention and replication study was implemented at The Haven Therapeutic Community, a residential treatment facility for women addicted to substances of abuse. This replication project, The Haven Peer Support Doula Project, involved training successful graduates from The Haven, with at least two years of personal recovery from substances, to become community-based or “Peer Support” doulas. These doulas further enhanced the services and support provided to the pregnant women and mothers with young children who are in addiction treatment at The Haven, assisting their clients through the prenatal period, during delivery, and up to the child’s first 18 months.

The goals of this project included expected positive outcomes on three levels. First, the women in treatment were to receive extended doula support for up to 18 months, which entailed having a stable, supportive relationship with a peer trained in labor and delivery support, breastfeeding, child care, child development, and parenting. This intervention has positively impacted the health of the mother, including the reduction of medical interventions and complications during and after delivery, as well as enhanced sobriety and improved parenting outcomes. Second, as a result of the trained doula’s knowledge and relationship with the mothers, the doula services have improved delivery outcomes for the infants as well as improved child developmental and parent-child relationship outcomes. Third, due to working in a recovering community, the doulas benefitted from stronger recovery outcomes for themselves, as well as new job skills, economic enhancement, and improved parenting knowledge.

For more information about the community-based doula program that the Harris Program implemented at The Haven, see The Haven's Doula Program.



 Sue Ammen, PhD

Hitchcock, D., Ammen, S., O’Connor, K., & Backman, T. (2008). Validating the Marschak Interaction Method Rating System with adolescent mother-child dyads.  International Journal of Play Therapy¸ 17(1), 24-38.
Knapp, P. K., Ammen, S., Arstein-Kerslake, C, Poulsen, M. K., & Mastergeorge, A.  (2007).  Feasibility of expanding services for very young children in the public mental health setting.  Journal of the American Academy of Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, 46(2), 152-161.
Limberg, B. & Ammen, S.  (2008). Ecosystemic play therapy with infants and toddlers and their families.  In C. Schaefer, P Kelly-Zion, J. McCormick, & A. Ohnogi (Eds.), Play therapy for very young children (pp. 103-124).  New York: Jason Aronson.
Bojanowski, J. & Ammen, S. (2011). Discriminating between pre- and post-Theraplay treatment Marschak Interaction Methods using the Marschak Interaction Method Rating System. International Journal of Play Therapy, 20(1), 1-11.
O’Connor, K. & Ammen, S.  (2012). Play Therapy Treatment Planning and Interventions:  The Ecosystemic Model and Workbook, 2nd ed.  San Diego:  Academic Press/Elsevier.

 Stacey Bromberg, PhD

Bromberg, S.R., Backman, T., Krow, J. & Frankel, K.A. (2010). The Haven Mother’s House Modified Therapeutic Community: Meeting the gap in infant mental health services for pregnant and parenting mothers with drug addiction. Infant Mental Health Journal, 31(3), 255-276.

Bromberg, S.R. & Frankel, K.A. (2009). Perinatal support in substance abuse: The requirements of relationship and reflection. Zero to Three (Special Issue), 29(4), 22-27.


 Joy V. Browne, PhD, PCNS-BC, IMH-E (IV)

Browne, J. V. & Talmi, A. (2005). Family-based intervention to enhance infant-parent relationships in the Neonatal Intensive Care Unit. Journal of Pediatric Psychology, 30(8), 1-11. 3

 Karen A. Frankel, PhD

Frankel, K.A., Boyum, L.A., & Harmon, R.J. (2004). Diagnoses and presenting symptoms in an infant psychiatry clinic: Comparison of two diagnostic systems. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 43(5), 578-587.

Frankel, K.A., & Harmon, R.J. (2000). Advanced training in infant mental health: A multi-disciplinary perspective. In J.D. Osofsky & H.E. Fitzgerald (eds.), WAIMH Handbook of infant mental health, Vol. 2 (pp. 313-333). New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

Frankel, K.A., Bair, K. & Walker, P. (2000). Learning together. Zero To Three, 20(6), 42-43.

St. John, M.S., Thomas, K., Noroña, C.R., Irving Harris Foundation Professional Development Tenet Work Group (2012). Infant Mental Health Professional Development: Together in the Struggle for Social Justice. Zero to Three Journal, 33(2), 13-22.

Frankel, K.A., Croy, C.D., Kubicek, L.F., Emde, R.N., Mitchell, C.M. & Spicer, P. (2013) Toddler Socioemotional Behavior in a Northern Plains Indian Tribe: Associations with Maternal Psychosocial Well-being, Infant Mental Health Journal, DOI: 10.1002/imhj.21422.

Willoughby, J.C., Murgolo, M.A., Carubia, B.A., Carter, D.R. & Frankel, K.A. (2013). Melding Infant Mental Health and Multisystemic Therapy Approaches to Community Based Treatment: Reflection and Action, Zero to Three, 33 (6), 11-16.


 Theodore J. Gaensbauer, MD

Gaensbauer, T. J. (2002). Representations of trauma in infancy: Clinical and theoretical implications for the understanding of early memory. Infant Mental Health Journal, 23: 259-277.
Gaensbauer, T. J. (2004). Telling their stories: Representation and reenactment of traumatic experiences occurring in the first year of life. Zero To Three, 25(5), 25-31.
Gaensbauer, T. J. & Harmon, R. J. (1982). Attachment behavior in abused/neglected infants: Implications for the concept of attachment. In R. N. Emde & R. J. Harmon (Eds.), The development of attachment and affiliative system (pp. 263-279). New York: Plenum Press.
Gaensbauer, T. J. & Kelsay, K. (2008). Situational and story stem scaffolding in psychodynamic play therapy with very young children. In C. Shaefer, P. Kelly-Zion, J. McCormick, and A. Ohnogi (Eds.), Play therapy for very young children (pp. 173-198). Lanham, MD: Rowman and Littlefield.
Scheeringa, M. S. & Gaensbauer, T. J. (1999). Posttraumatic stress disorder. In C. Zeanah (Ed.), Handbook of infant mental health, 2nd Edition (pp. 369-381). New York: Guilford Press.

 Robert J. Harmon, MD

Harmon, R.J., Plummer, N.S., & Frankel, K.A. (2000). Perinatal loss: Parental grieving, family impact, and intervention services. In J.D. Osofsky & H.E. Fitzgerald (eds.), WAIMH Handbook of infant mental health, Vol. 4 (pp. 327-368). New York: John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
Harmon, R.J. (1983). Infant behavior and family development. In L. Sonstegaard, B. Jennings & K. Kowalski (Eds.), Primary health care of women (pp. 327-343). New York: Grune and Stratton.
Harmon, R.J. (2003). Thirty years in infant mental health. Zero To Three, 24(1), 23-28.
Harmon, R.J., & Graham-Cicchinelli, D. (1985). Fetal and neonatal loss. In R.C. Simons (Ed.), Understanding human behavior in health and illness (3rd ed., pp. 151-157). Baltimore: Williams and Wilkins.

 Ayelet Talmi, PhD

Talmi, A., & Harmon, R. J. (2003). Relationships between preterm infants and their parents: Disruption and development. Zero to Three, 24(2), 13-20.
Talmi, A., (2009). WONDERbabies. Partners in Prevention, Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment,
Talmi, A. & Millar, A. (2009). Off to a good start: Systems of care for babies and young children with special health care and developmental needs. Partners in Prevention, Colorado Department of Public Health and Environment,
Talmi, A., & Harmon, R.J. (2005). Issues in infant psychiatry. In S.B. Sexson (ed.), Child and adolescent psychiatry, 2nd edition (pp. 201-224). Oxford: Blackwell Publishing Ltd.