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History


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The University’s categorical training track has long been respected as one of the nation’s best, routinely placing residents in competitive fellowships throughout the country. The advent of the primary care movement and its incipient training needs were anticipated many years ago. With a formal training track that is more than 20 years old, the primary care residency is one of the nation’s most recognized programs of its type. More recently, the University of Colorado anticipated the hospitalist wave, introducing the first and largest dedicated hospitalist residency training program in the United States. Finally, we have implemented a formal basic science/clinical research program that will prepare residents for successful careers in academic medicine.

In 2007 the University Of Colorado Hospital, our flagship hospital, fully transitioned to its new home on the Anschutz Medical Campus. This medical campus is the world's only completely new education, research and patient care facility and is the largest academic health center between Chicago and the West Coast, north of Texas. This cutting-edge health care campus fosters collaboration among students, researchers and clinicians. Campus architecture and state-of-the-art technology bridge education and research with two world-class hospitals: University of Colorado Hospital and Children’s Hospital Colorado. The Denver VA Medical Center will be moving to this location in 2015 as well.

The campus is home to the schools and colleges of Medicine, Nursing, Dental Medicine, Pharmacy and Public Health. The campus consists of three zones that promote collaboration and innovation: Education Zone with remarkable facilities for training future physicians and other health professionals; Research Zone which is internationally renowned for its ground-breaking research; Clinical Care Zone which serves over 500,000 patients per year.

This new campus continues the tradition of excellence in clinical care and education that has long been established since the founding of the Department of Medicine at the University of Colorado 1883. Some notable aspects of this history include the first description of:

  • T-cells
  • ARDS
  • Use of home oxygen to prevent secondary pulmonary hypertension and improve survival
  • "pink puffers” and “blue bloaters”
  • Septic shock syndrome
  • Central pontine myelinolysis
  • Fractional excretion of sodium and anion gap
  • Progesterone receptor and its role in cancer
  • Fetal cell transplants for diabetes and Parkinson’s disease
  • Performed the first human liver transplant
  • Directly Observed Therapy (DOTS), now the method of choice for control of TB worldwide