Nasal polyps are a common cause of nasal obstruction. Nasal polyps are small, benign and painless growths from the mucous membranes of the nasal cavity and sinuses. Nasal polyps are caused by accumulation of fluid, and represent the end-point of severe chronic inflammation. Nasal polyps are often found in patients with allergies, asthma, cystic fibrosis, or allergic fungal disease. A more severe syndrome of nasal polyps is found in those patients who have allergies, asthma, and aspirin sensitivity. Nasal polyps often vary in size from very small, which have no real adverse health effects, to large enough to completely obstruct the nasal passages. In the case of large nasal polyps, difficulty breathing, stuffiness, facial pain, headaches, loss of smell and taste, and a runny nose can be major issues.
Nasal polyps can be medically treated with corticosteroids, which reduce inflammation, but in many cases surgery may be necessary. Additional medical therapies may be of benefit in certain cases. Proper management of nasal polyps in patients with asthma has been shown to have beneficial effects on asthma-related symptoms and medication use. Nasal saline rinses are also recommended for proper upkeep of your sinuses.