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Todd T. Kingdom, MD, FACS

Professor & Vice Chair of Clinical Affairs and Quality


Clinical Office:

1635 N. Aurora Court, 6th Floor
Aurora, CO 80045

Appointments:  720-848-7900

Academic Office:

12631 E. 17th Avenue, B205
Aurora, CO 80045

Phone: 303-724-1950
Fax: 303-724-1961

Hospital Affiliations:

University of Colorado Hospital
Children's Hospital Colorado
Denver Veteran's Administration Medical Center
Denver Health
National Jewish Health, Denver, Colorado

Clinical Interests:

Rhinology, Endoscopic Skull Base Surgery


Medical School

(1987-1991) MD, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, GA


(1991-1992) Internship, General Surgery, University of California Hospitals School of Medicine, San Francisco, CA

(1992-1995) Resident, Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, University of California School of Medicine & Hospitals, San Francisco, CA

(1997) Board Certification, American Board of Otolaryngology

Named Top Doc by 5280 (2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, 2010, 2011, 2012, 2013)
UCH Presidents Award 2010
Presidential Citation, American Rhinologic Society, 2006 & 2008.
Clayton K. Mammel Teacher of the Year, Department of Otolaryngology,
University of Colorado, 2003 & 2010.

Kingdom TT, Lalwani AK, Pitts LH. Isolated metastatic melanoma of the cerebellopontine angle: a case report. Neurosurgery 1993; 33: 142-144. Pub Med ID: 8355832


Kingdom TT, Tami TA. Actinomycosis of the nasal septum in a patient infected with the human immunodeficiency virus. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1994; 111: 130-133. Pub Med ID: 8028921


Kingdom TT, Kaplan MJ. Mucosal melanoma of the nasal cavity and paranasal sinuses. Head Neck 1995; 17: 184-189. Pub Med ID: 7782202


Kingdom TT, Kaplan MJ. Transoral- transpharyngeal approach to the craniocervical junction. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1995; 113: 393-400. Pub Med ID: 7567010


Kingdom TT, Lee KC, Cropp GJ. Chronic sinusitis and a negative sweat test in a patient with cystic fibrosis. Am J Rhinology 1995; 9: 225-228. Pub Med ID: 15005497


Kingdom TT, Lee KC. Invasive aspergillosis of the larynx in AIDS. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1996; 115: 135-137. Pub Med ID: 8758643


Kingdom TT, Singer MI. Enhanced reliability and renewed applications of the deltopectoral flap in head and neck reconstruction. Laryngoscope 1996; 106: 1230-1233. Pub Med ID: 8849791


Kingdom TT, Lee KC, Cropp GJ. Clinical characteristics and genotype analysis of cystic fibrosis patients with nasal polyposis requiring surgery. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1996; 122: 1209-1213. Pub Med ID: 8906056


Pub Med Link:


Blevins NH, Kingdom TT, Deschler DG, Lee KC. Chiari I malformation presenting as bilateral vocal cord paralysis in the adult. Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 1997;117(6):S191-194. Pub Med ID: 9419145


Lustig LL, Lee KC, Murr A, Deschler DG, Kingdom TT. Doxycycline sclerosis of benign lymphoepithelial cysts in patients infected with HIV. Laryngoscope 1998;108:1199-1205. Pub Med ID: 9707244


Bayles S, Kingdom TT, Carlson GW. Management of thyroid carcinoma invading the aerodigestive tract. Laryngoscope 1998;108(9):1402-1407. Pub Med ID: 9738767


Albritton FD, Kingdom TT. Endoscopic sinus surgery in patients with cystic fibrosis: an analysis of complications. Am J Rhinol 2000;14(6):379-385. Pub Med ID: 11197114


Swain RE, Kingdom TT, Muller S. Botryomycosis. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2000;126:1155-1159. Pub Med ID: 10979135


Swain RE, Kingdom TT, DelGaudio JM, Grist WJ. Paranasal sinus meningiomas. Am J Rhinol 2001;15(1):27-30. Pub Med ID: 11258651


Albritton FD, Kingdom TT, DelGaudio JM. Malleable registration mask: application of a novel registration method in image-guided surgery. Am J Rhinol 2001;15(2):219-224. Pub Med ID: 11554652


DelGaudio JM, Swain RE, Kingdom TT, et al. Computed tomographic findings in patients with invasive fungal sinusitis. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2003;129:236-240. Pub Med ID: 12578456


Kingdom TT, DelGaudio JM. Endoscopic approach to lesions of the sphenoid sinus, orbital apex, and clivus. Am J Otolaryngol 2003;24:317-322. Pub Med ID: 13130444


Kingdom TT, Swain RE. The microbiology of antimicrobial resistance patterns in chronic rhinosinusitis. Am J Otolaryngol 2004;25:323-328. Pub Med ID: 15334396


Wise SK, Kingdom TT, McKean L, DelGaudio JM, Venkatraman G. Presence of fungus in sinus cultures of cystic fibrosis patients. Am J Rhinol 2005;19:47-51. Pub Med ID: 15794074


Hwang PH, Han JK, Bilstrom EJ, Kingdom TT, Fong KJ. Surgical revision of the failed obliterated frontal sinus. Am J Rhinol 2005;19:425-429. Pub Med ID: 16270593


Hudgins PA, Kingdom TT, Weissler MC, Mukherji SK. Selective neck dissection: CT and MRI imaging findings. Am J Neurorad 2005;26(5):1174-1177. Pub Med ID: 15891180


Owens J, Shroyer K, Kingdom TT. Expression of cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase enzymes in nasal polyps of aspirin sensitive and aspirin tolerant patients. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2006;132:579-587. Pub Med ID: 16785401


Chain JR, Kingdom TT. Non-HodgkinÕs lymphoma of the fontal sinus presenting as osteomyelitis. Am J Otolaryngol 2007;28:42-45. Pub Med ID: 17162131


Poznanovic SA., Kingdom TT. Total IgE levels and Peripheral Eosinophilia: Correlation with Mucosal Disease Based on Paranasal Sinus CT. Arch of Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2007; 133(7):701 -704. Pub Med ID: 17638784


Ramakrishnan VR, Hink EM, Durairaj VD, Kingdom TT. Outcomes after endoscopic DCR without mucosal flap preservation. Am J Rhinol. 2007;21:753-757. Pub Med ID: 18201460


Owens J, Shroyer K, Kingdom TT. Expression of cyclooxygenase and lipoxygenase enzymes in CF sinonasal epithelium. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;134(8):825-831. Pub Med ID: 18711055


Leem T, Kingdom TT. Complex odontoma of maxillary sinus. Radiology Quiz. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2008;134(6):667-668. Pub Med ID: 18559738


Zander ZA, Saavedra MT, Scapa VI, Sanders L, Kingdom TT. Protein microarray analysis of nasal polyps aspirin-sensitive and aspirin-tolerant patients with chronic rhinosinusitis. Am J Rhinol Allergy 2009;23:268-272. Pub Med ID: 19490800


Ramakrishnan VR, Said S, Kingdom TT. Primary leiomyosarcoma of the sphenoid sinus. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2009;135(9):949-952. Pub Med ID: 19770434


Marple BF, Stringer S, Batra PS Bhattacharyya N, Chiu A, Citardi M, Han J, Kern R, Kingdom TT, Lane A, Orlandi RO, Ryan MW, Senior BA, Stewart M. Going to the next level: Health careÕs evolving expectations for evidence. Otolarngol-Head Neck Surg 2009;141(5):551-666. Pub Med ID: 19861188


Higgins TS, Hwang PH, Kingdom TT, Orlandi RR, Stammberger H, Han JK. Systematic review of topical vasoconstrictors in endoscopic sinus surgery. Laryngoscope 2011;121:422-432.


Ramakrishnan VR, Durairaj VD, Kingdom TT. Endoscopic management of acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction secondary to radioactive iodine treatment for thyroid malignancy.  J Aller Ther 2011;2:110. Doi:10.4172/2155-6121.1000110.


Scapa VI, Mudd PA, Kingdom TT. Upregulation of RANTES in nasal polyps from patients with cystic fibrosis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol, 2011;1:157-160.


Batra PS, Kingdom TT, Citardi MJ. Fellowship training in rhinology: ARS survey of US graduates. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol, 2011;1:206-211.


Mudd PA, Katial RK, Kingdom TT. Variations in expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase-1 (TIMP-1) in nasal mucosa of aspirin-sensitive versus aspirin-tolerant patients with nasal polyposis. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2011;107(4):353-359.


Mudd PA, Hohensee S, Lillehei KO, Kingdom TT, Klenschmidt-Demasters BK. Ectopic pituitary adenoma of the clivus presenting with apoplexy: case report and review of the literature.  Clin Neuropathol 2012;31(1):24-30.


Ramakrishnan VR, Kingdom TT, Nayak JV, Hwang PH, Orlandi RO. Nationwide incidence of major complications in endoscopic sinus surgery. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2012;2:34-39.


Scapa VI, Ramakrishnan VR, Kingdom TT. Upregulation of Bcl-2 in nasal polyps from patients with cystic fibrosis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2013;3(3):199-203.
Ramakrishnan VR, Orlandi RR, Citardi MJ, Smith TL, Fried MP, Kingdom TT. The use of image-guided surgery in endoscopic sinus surgery: an evidence-based review with recommendations. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2013;3(3):236-241.
Barham HP, Cooper SE, Anderson CB, Tizzano M, Kingdom TT, Finger TE, Kinnamon SC, Ramakrishnan VR. Solitary chemosensory cells and bitter taste receptor signaling in human sinonasal mucosa. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2013;3(6):450-457.
Edward JA, Sanyal M, Ramakrishnan VR, Hwang PH, Kingdom TT, Nayak JV. Systemic prednisone administration selectively alters granulocyte subsets in nasal polyps from AERD and CRS patients. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2013;3(11):866-876.
Ramakrishnan VR, Ferril GR, Suh JD, Woodson T, Green TJ, Kingdom TT. Upper and lower airways associations in patients with chronic rhinosinususitis and bronchiectasis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2013;3(11):921-927.
Fountain C, Mudd P, Ramakirshnan VR, Kingdom TT, Katial R. Characterization and treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2013;111:337-341.
Lee J, Kingdom TT, Smith T, Setzen M, Brown S, Batra P. Practice patterns in endoscopic skull base surgery: survey of the American Rhinologic Society. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2014;4(2):124-131.
Chan KH, Gao D, Fernandez PG, Kingdom TT, Kumpe DA.  Juvenile nasopharyngeal angiofibroma: vascular determinates for operative complications and tumor recurrence.  Laryngoscope 2014;124(3):672-677. PMID: 23929652
Orlandi RR, Smith TL, Marple BF, Harvey RJ, Hwang PH, Kern RC, Kingdom TT, Luong A, Rudmik L, Senior BA, Toskola E, Kennedy DW. Update on evidence-based reviews with recommendations in adult chronic rhinosinusitis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2014 (in press)
Ferril GR, Nick J, Getz AE, Barham HP, Everett D, Kingdom TT, Ramakrishnan VR. Comparison of radiographic and clinical characteristics of low-risk and high-risk CF genotypes. Int Forum Allergy Rhinol 2014 (in press)




Research Focus

Inflammatory mechanisms and causes of sinusitis and nasal polyp
Sinus disease in patients with cystic fibrosis
Minimally-invasive surgical techniques and treatment outcomes for sinus, orbit, and skull base surgery

Clinical Research (IRB approved)

Molecular analysis of nasal polyp tissue from patients with cystic fibrosis (NJH & UC Denver)
Molecular analysis of nasal polyp tissue in aspirin-sensitive patients (NJH & UC Denver)

Second Vice President, Univeristy Physicians Incorporated
American Rhinologic Society (Immediate Past President)
American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery
Executive Operating Room Committee, University of Colorado Hospital