Idiopathic Scoliosis is generally detected during a child's adolescent growth period. School screening programs are in place in numerous locations throughout the United States. During this screening, a qualified nurse or physician performs an Adam's forward bending test to determine if there is suspicion of a child having a curvature. This test utilizes a device known as a scoliometer which is placed over the midline of the spine. This device acts as a level or balance and a degree of curvature can be measured. A scoliometer reading of 5 degrees or greater indicates the need for further evaluation through a referral to a specialist. During this evaluation, a thorough examination of the child is performed to rule out other potential problems and to determine the need for a standing spinal X ray.