Christensen Minority Supplement to NCAIANMHR
NIMH, NCAIANMHR Center Grant
DATES OF FUNDING:
1998 - 2001
Spero Manson, Ph.D.
CENTER STAFF INVOLVED:
SPECIFIC AIMS/RESEARCH GOALS:
Spero Manson, Ph.D.; Michelle Christensen, Ph.D.
- To extend the twice-annual caregiver interview to include an interview of maternal and/or paternal grandparents of the newborns, thereby rendering a truly multi-generational perspective on childrearing in this American Indian population.
- To adapt two observer rating methods for quantifying maternal behavior as evidenced in the videotaped interactions of infants and their caregivers.
- To administer an adult attachment questionnaire modified for administration in this project to a larger sample (n=450) of American Indian parents participating in another NCAIANMHR study currently underway, and analyzing the performance characteristics of the data.
- Grandparents of 20 families will be interviewed once at the end of the data collections process for the 20 families. A semi-structured interview format will be used.
- An on-going research team (RANG), which includes Dr. Christensen, will watch videotaped interactions between infants and their caregivers. An existing format for coding these interactions (the Emotional Availability Scales) will be used, with cultural modifications as indicated.
- The “Measure of Attachment Quality” will be included in a packet of questionnaires to be given to participants (n=450) in an ongoing NCAIANMHR study. The data will be analyzed once collected.
For Specific Aims 1 and 2, the study sample was composed of 20 American Indian families residing on a Northern Plains reservation. Expectant mothers were recruited to participate in the study. For Specific Aim 3, participants were individuals participating in another on-going NCAIANMHR study (Pathways of Choice).
- Measure of Attachment Quality
- Emotional Availability Scales
- Grandparent Interview
- Adult Attachment Interview
Christensen, M., & Manson, S. (2001). Adult attachment as a framework for understanding American Indian families and mental health: A study of three family cases. American Behavioral Scientist, 44,1447-1465.