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University of Colorado Denver

Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health
 
 
 

NCAIANMHR

Voices of Indian Teens


PROJECT TITLE:
Voices of Indian Teens (Voices) 

FUNDING SOURCE: 
NIAAA

DATES OF FUNDING: 
1991 - 1996

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR(S): 
Spero Manson, Ph.D.

CENTER STAFF INVOLVED:
Christina Mitchell, Ph.D.; Candace Fleming, Ph.D.; Anna Barón, Ph.D.; Ellen Keane, MSPH; Donna Shangreaux; Lorette Yazzie; Robert Martin 

 

SPECIFIC AIMS/RESEARCH GOALS:
  1. To assess the symbolic meaning of alcohol among American Indian adolescents.
  2. To develop reliable and valid measures of alcohol use/abuse and predictors of such use for Indian adolescents.
  3. To study the epidemiology of alcohol use and abuse with a large diverse sample of Indian adolescents.
  4. To use structural equation modeling and logistic regression methods to:
    1. assess the psychometric properties and dimensional structures of mediators of use/abuse, socialization, personality factors, perceived environment, life stress, social support, self-esteem, and coping;
    2. examine the effect of SES variables on alcohol use/abuse over time; and
    3. test a series of alternative etiologic models of use/abuse over time.

 

RESEARCH DESIGN:

VOICES was a longitudinal effort involving collaboration with 10 high schools located in 5 western American Indian communities. School-based data collection consisted of one scheduled testing day, with a follow-up day approximately one week later, for absentees.   Two to three months of community-based follow-up then focused on finding those youth who could not be contacted in the schools.   All 10 schools participated in annual (Fall) data collection; 5 of the 10 schools participated semi-annual data collection activities, with both a Fall and a Spring data collection.

 

PARTICIPANTS:

In Fall, 1993 and Spring, 1994, students attending the 10 schools were invited to participate in the VOICES project.   Approximately 75% of those on the schools’ rosters participated.

 

VOICES Longitudinal Data Set

All 10 schools participated in annual (Fall) data collection from 1993 - 1996:

Annual data points # of participants(%)
# with 1 data point 1901 (45%)
# with 2 data points 1279 (31%)
# with 3 data points 1009 (24%)
Total 4189

 

Five of these school participated in semi-annual (Fall and Spring) data collection from 1993 - 1996:

Semi-annual data points
(Fall & Spring)
# of participants (%)
# with 1 data point 719 (20%)
# with 2 data points 834 (23%)
# with 3 data points 464 (13%)
# with 4 data points 526 (15%)
# with 5 data points 432 (12%)
# with 6 data points 622 (17%)
Total 3597

 

 

MEASURES:
  1. Positive Alcohol Expectancies.
  2. Antisocial Behavior, from Donovan & Jessor, 1989.
  3. Anxiety, from DISC-R.
  4. Community Attitudes.
  5. Community Mindedness.
  6. Competencies.
  7. Coping, from the Children's Coping Strategies Scale.
  8. Depression, from Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) 7-item depression depressed affect subscale.
  9. Self-esteem, from Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale.
  10. Locus of Control.
  11. Negative Alcohol Attitudes.
  12. Peer Influence.
  13. Peer Values.
  14. Sensation Seeking.
  15. Social Support, from The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support.
  16. Suicidal Ideation, from the Suicidal Ideation Scale.
  17. Alcohol, from the Diagnostic Intervention Scale for Children

 

SURVEY:

The Voices of Indian Teens Survey is in PDF format and can only be viewed with a Reader, as described below.

The PDF format is modeled after the PostScript language and is device and resolution independent. Publications in the PDF format can be viewed, navigated and printed from a workstation using the freely available Acrobat Reader software from Adobe Systems Inc. Versions of Acrobat Reader run on Dos, Windows, Macintosh, and Unix systems.

Click Here to View the VOICES Survey in PDF Format
Click Here to View the VOICES Scales Documentation in PDF Format
Click Here to View the VOICES Methods Documentation
in PDF Format

 

PUBLICATIONS:

LeMaster, P., Connell, C., Mitchell, C. M., & Manson, S. (2002). Tobacco use among American Indian adolescents: Protective and risk factors. Journal of Adolescent Health, 30, 426-432.

Mitchell, C. M., & Beals, J. (1997). The structure of problem and positive behaviors among American Indian adolescents: Gender and community differences. American Journal of Community Psychology, 25, 257-288.

Mitchell, C. M., Novins, D., & Holmes, T. (1999). Marijuana use among American Indian adolescents: A growth curve analysis from ages 14 through 20. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 72-78.

Mitchell, C. M., & O'Nell, T. D. (1998). Problem and conventional behaviors among American Indian adolescents: Structure and validity. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 8, 97-122.

Mitchell, C. M., O'Nell, T. D., Beals, J., Dick, R. W., Keane, E., & Manson, S. M. (1996). Dimensionality of alcohol use among American Indian adolescents: Latent structure, construct validity, and implications for developmental research. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 6, 151-180

Mitchell, C. M., & Plunkett, M. (2000). The latent structure of substance use among American Indian adoelscents: An example using categorical variables. American Journal of Community Psychology, 28, 105-125.

Moran, J. R., Fleming, C. M., Somervell, P., & Manson, S. M. (1999). Measuring ethnic identity among American Indian adolescents. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 14(4), 405-426.

Novins, D. K., & Baron, A. (in press). Indian adolescent substance use: The regards for progression for adolescents ages 14 to 20. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry.

Novins, D. K., Beals, J., & Mitchell, C. M. (2001). Sequences of substance use among American Indian adolescents. Journal of the Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 40, 1168-1174.

Novins, D. K., Beals, J., Roberts, R. E., & Manson, S. M. (1999). Factors associated with suicidal ideation among American Indian adolescents: Does culture matter? Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, 29, 332-346.

Novins, D. K., Harman, C. P., Mitchell, C. M., & Manson, S. M. (1996). Factors associated with the utilization of alcohol treatment services among American Indian adolescents. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 35(1), 110-117.

Novins, D. K., & Mitchell, C. M. (1998). Factors associated with marijuana use among American Indian adolescents. Addiction, 93, 1693-1702.

O'Nell, T. D., & Mitchell, C. M. (1996). Alcohol use among American Indian adolescents: The role of culture in pathological drinking. Social Science and Medicine, 42(4), 565-578.

Plunkett, M., & Mitchell, C. M. (2000). Substance use among American Indian adolescents: Comparisons with monitoring the future. Journal of Drug Issues, 30, 583-620.

Spicer, P., Novins, D. K., Mitchell, C. M., & Beals, J. (2003). Aboriginal social organization, contemporary experience and American Indian adolescent alcohol use. Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 64, 450-457.

 

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