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University of Colorado Denver

Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health
 
 
 

NCAIANMHR

Foundation of Indian Teens


PROJECT TITLE:
NCAIANMHR PGY 06-10: Core Research Area A (Phase 2) Foundation of Indian Teens 

FUNDING SOURCE: 
NIMH NCAIANMHR Center Grant

DATES OF FUNDING
1992-1994

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR(S): 
Spero Manson, Ph.D.

CENTER STAFF INVOLVED:
Joan Piasecki, Ph.D.



SPECIFIC AIMS/RESEARCH GOALS:

To develop more reliable and valid measures of psychopathology among American Indian adolescents, with a special emphasis on trauma.

 

RESEARCH DESIGN:

Focus groups were convened to discuss the nature of trauma in general, to elicit examples of particularly traumatic events, and to review a portion of a screening survey specific to the PTSD diagnostic criteria.   A self-report survey, which included screeners for PTSD, depression, problem-drinking, anxiety, conduct disorder, subsequently was administered to 296 Indian adolescents.   Sixty-five of these students underwent a 2nd-stage clinical diagnostic interview.

 

PARTICIPANTS:

Focus groups consisted of 2 groups of Indian students from a high school in a Southwestern reservation community, 1 group of teachers from the same school, and 1 group of parents.   Participants in the screening survey and the structured interview were adolescents (grades 9-12) from the same school.

 

MEASURES:
  1. The Children's Depression Inventory.
  2. A 10-item general deviant behavior scale derived from the Donovan and Jessor Health Questionnaire.
  3. The Reynold's Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale.
  4. The Problem Drinking scale derived from the alcohol use survey used by the NCAIANMHR's Voices of Indian Teens project.
  5. The PTSD Interview (DSM-111-R version), modified for self-report.
  6. The structured interview used was the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC, version 2.3).

 

PUBLICATIONS:

Manson, S. M., Bechtold, D. W., Novins, D. K. & Beals, J. (1997). Assessing psychopathology in American Indian and Alaska Native children and adolescents. Journal of Applied Developmental Science, 1(3), 135-144.

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