NCAIANMHR PGY 06-10: Core Research Area A (Phase 2) Foundation of Indian Teens
NIMH NCAIANMHR Center Grant
DATES OF FUNDING:
Spero Manson, Ph.D.
CENTER STAFF INVOLVED:
Joan Piasecki, Ph.D.
SPECIFIC AIMS/RESEARCH GOALS:
To develop more reliable and valid measures of psychopathology among American Indian adolescents, with a special emphasis on trauma.
Focus groups were convened to discuss the nature of trauma in general, to elicit examples of particularly traumatic events, and to review a portion of a screening survey specific to the PTSD diagnostic criteria. A self-report survey, which included screeners for PTSD, depression, problem-drinking, anxiety, conduct disorder, subsequently was administered to 296 Indian adolescents. Sixty-five of these students underwent a 2nd-stage clinical diagnostic interview.
Focus groups consisted of 2 groups of Indian students from a high school in a Southwestern reservation community, 1 group of teachers from the same school, and 1 group of parents. Participants in the screening survey and the structured interview were adolescents (grades 9-12) from the same school.
- The Children's Depression Inventory.
- A 10-item general deviant behavior scale derived from the Donovan and Jessor Health Questionnaire.
- The Reynold's Children's Manifest Anxiety Scale.
- The Problem Drinking scale derived from the alcohol use survey used by the NCAIANMHR's Voices of Indian Teens project.
- The PTSD Interview (DSM-111-R version), modified for self-report.
- The structured interview used was the Diagnostic Interview Schedule for Children (DISC, version 2.3).
Manson, S. M., Bechtold, D. W., Novins, D. K. & Beals, J. (1997). Assessing psychopathology in American Indian and Alaska Native children and adolescents. Journal of Applied Developmental Science, 1(3), 135-144.