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University of Colorado Denver

Centers for American Indian and Alaska Native Health
 
 
 

NCAIANMHR

Drug Use Rates, Risk, & Change: American Indian Youth


PROJECT TITLE:
Drug Use Rates, Risk, & Change: American Indian Youth

FUNDING SOURCE: 
NIDA 

DATES OF FUNDING: 
1996 - 1998

PRINCIPAL INVESTIGATOR(S): 
Christina M. Mitchell, Ph.D.

CENTER STAFF INVOLVED:
Janette Beals, Ph.D.; Mark Plunkett, Ph.D., Ellen Keane, MSPH; Jennifer Truel, BA; Theresa O'Nell, Ph.D.

 

SPECIFIC AIMS/RESEARCH GOALS:
  1. To examine more fully substance use among American Indian teens, including the extent of substance use, differences across important subgroups (e.g. culture group and gender) and patterns of co-morbidity among drug use, alcohol use, and psychological symptomatology;
  2. Utilizing 2 psychosocial theoretical frameworks—social learning theory and stress-vulnerability theory—to gain a better understanding of risk factors, change trajectories, and mediating processes underlying substance use;
  3. Using both social learning and stress-vulnerability theories, to examine differences between key substance-use groups of adolescents, such as those continuing non-use, and those initiating use, and those continuing use, and those ceasing use.

 

RESEARCH DESIGN:

Secondary analysis of the Voices of Indian Teens data set.

 

PARTICIPANTS:

See the Voices of Indian Teens description.

 

MEASURES:
  1. Positive Alcohol Expectancies.
  2. Antisocial Behavior, from Donovan & Jessor, 1989.
  3. Anxiety, from DISC-R.
  4. Community Attitudes.
  5. Community Mindedness.
  6. Competencies.
  7. Coping, from the Children's Coping Strategies Scale.
  8. Depression, from Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) 7-item depression depressed affect subscale.
  9. Self-esteem, from Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale.
  10. Locus of Control.
  11. Negative Alcohol Attitudes.
  12. Peer Influence.
  13. Peer Values.
  14. Sensation Seeking.
  15. Social Support, from The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support.
  16. Suicidal Ideation, from the Suicidal Ideation Scale.
  17. Alcohol Use, from the Diagnostic Intervention Scale for Children.

 

PUBLICATIONS:

Mitchell, C. M., Novins, D., & Holmes, T. (1999). Marijuana use among American Indian adolescents: A growth curve analysis from ages 14 through 20. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 72-78.

Mitchell, C. M., & Plunkett, M. (2000). The latent structure of substance use among American Indian adolescents: An example using categorical variables. American Journal of Community Psychology, 28, 105-125.

Novins, D. K., & Mitchell, C. M. (1998). Factors associated with marijuana use among American Indian adolescents. Addiction, 93, 1693-1702

Plunkett, M., & Mitchell, C. M. (2000). Substance use among American Indian adolescents: Comparisons with Monitoring the Future. Journal of Drug Issues, 30, 593-620.

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