Drug Use Rates, Risk, & Change: American Indian Youth
DATES OF FUNDING:
1996 - 1998
Christina M. Mitchell, Ph.D.
CENTER STAFF INVOLVED:
Janette Beals, Ph.D.; Mark Plunkett, Ph.D., Ellen Keane, MSPH; Jennifer Truel, BA; Theresa O'Nell, Ph.D.
SPECIFIC AIMS/RESEARCH GOALS:
- To examine more fully substance use among American Indian teens, including the extent of substance use, differences across important subgroups (e.g. culture group and gender) and patterns of co-morbidity among drug use, alcohol use, and psychological symptomatology;
- Utilizing 2 psychosocial theoretical frameworks—social learning theory and stress-vulnerability theory—to gain a better understanding of risk factors, change trajectories, and mediating processes underlying substance use;
- Using both social learning and stress-vulnerability theories, to examine differences between key substance-use groups of adolescents, such as those continuing non-use, and those initiating use, and those continuing use, and those ceasing use.
Secondary analysis of the Voices of Indian Teens data set.
See the Voices of Indian Teens description.
- Positive Alcohol Expectancies.
- Antisocial Behavior, from Donovan & Jessor, 1989.
- Anxiety, from DISC-R.
- Community Attitudes.
- Community Mindedness.
- Coping, from the Children's Coping Strategies Scale.
- Depression, from Center for Epidemiologic Studies-Depression Scale (CES-D) 7-item depression depressed affect subscale.
- Self-esteem, from Rosenberg Self-esteem Scale.
- Locus of Control.
- Negative Alcohol Attitudes.
- Peer Influence.
- Peer Values.
- Sensation Seeking.
- Social Support, from The Multidimensional Scale of Perceived Social Support.
- Suicidal Ideation, from the Suicidal Ideation Scale.
- Alcohol Use, from the Diagnostic Intervention Scale for Children.
Mitchell, C. M., Novins, D., & Holmes, T. (1999). Marijuana use among American Indian adolescents: A growth curve analysis from ages 14 through 20. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 38, 72-78.
Mitchell, C. M., & Plunkett, M. (2000). The latent structure of substance use among American Indian adolescents: An example using categorical variables. American Journal of Community Psychology, 28, 105-125.
Novins, D. K., & Mitchell, C. M. (1998). Factors associated with marijuana use among American Indian adolescents. Addiction, 93, 1693-1702
Plunkett, M., & Mitchell, C. M. (2000). Substance use among American Indian adolescents: Comparisons with Monitoring the Future. Journal of Drug Issues, 30, 593-620.