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Vijay R. Ramakrishnan, MD

Assistant Professor


Clinical Office:

1635 N. Aurora Court, 6th Floor
Aurora, CO 80045

Appointments:  720-848-2820
 
Academic Office:

12631 E. 17th Avenue, B205
Aurora, CO 80045

Phone: 303-724-1965
Fax: 303-724-1961
Email: Vijay.Ramakrishnan@ucdenver.edu

 
Hospital Affiliations:
  • University of Colorado Hospital
  • National Jewish Health, Denver, Colorado
  • Children's Hospital Colorado
  • Denver Veteran's Administration Medical Center
  • Denver Health Medical Center
 
Clinical Interests:
  • Rhinology, and Endoscopic Skull Base Surgery
  • Subspecialty Training: Rhinology and Skull Base Surgery
 
In The News:

Nov. 6, 2013

  • Dr. Ramakrishnan talks about ear, nose and throat issues with KDVR viewers. He also goes online with the KDVR Facebook page to answer 50 questions for viewers: Struggling with sinusitis? 

July 8, 2012

Dec. 29, 2010

  • View Dr. Ramakrishnan's 7News Interview on the first successful Colorado endo-nasal eye tumor removal.

Medical School

(2000-2004) MD, Baylor College of Medicine, Houston, TX

Residency

(2004-2005) Internship, General Surgery, University of Colorado, Denver, CO

(2005-2009) Resident, Otolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, University of Colorado, Denver, CO

Fellowship

(2009-2010) Fellow, Rhinology and Skull Base Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA

(2009-2010) Clinical Instructor, Department of Otorhinolaryngology-Head & Neck Surgery, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA

(2010) Board Certification, American Board of Otolaryngology

Undergraduate Awards

UT Austin College Scholar; Graduated with Highest Honors; Phi Beta Kappa

Medical School Awards

Annual Merit Scholarship; Graduated with High Honors; Alpha Omega Alpha.

Postgraduate Awards

AAFPRS Leslie Bernstein Investigator Development Award

Peer-reviewed articles:

Ramakrishnan JB, Kingdom TT, Ramakrishnan VR. Allergic rhinitis and chronic rhinosinusitis – Their impact on lower airways. Immunol Clin N Am 2013;3(1):45-60.

Barham HP, Cooper SE, Anderson CB, Tizzano M, Kingdom TT, Finger TE, Kinnamon SC, Ramakrishnan VR. Solitary chemosensory cells and bitter taste receptor signaling in human sinonasal mucosa. Int Forum Allergy Rhinology 12 Feb 2013 doi:10.1002/alr.21149 epub ahead of print. 

Harasaki Y, Pettijohn KJ, Waziri A, Ramakrishnan VR. Frontoethmoid osteoma with pneumocephalus: Case report, review of the literature, and considerations for surgical management. Journal of Craniofacial Surgery 2013 (accepted for publication).

Ramakrishnan VR and Montero PN. Ergonomic considerations in ESS: Lessons learned from laparoscopic surgeons. Am J Rhinol Allergy 2013 (accepted for publication).

Suh JD, Ramakrishnan VR, Chiu AG. Outcomes and Complications of Endoscopic Approaches for Malignancies of the Paranasal Sinuses and Anterior Skull Base. Annals Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2012 (accepted for publication).

Suh JD, Ramakrishnan VR, Chiu AG, Palmer JN. Silent sinus syndrome. ENT Journal 2012;91(12):E19.

Scapa V, Ramakrishnan VR, Kingdom TT. Upregulation of Bcl-2 in nasal polyps of patients with cystic fibrosis. Int Forum Allergy Rhinology 2012 Nov 7 doi:10.1002/alr.21107 epub ahead of print.

Ramakrishnan VR, Feazel LM, Abrass LA, Frank DN. Prevalence and abundance of Staphylococcus aureus in the middle meatus of chronic rhinosinusitis, nasal polyps, and asthma. Int Forum Allergy Rhinology 2012 Oct 10 doi: 10.1002/alr.21101 epub ahead of print.

Ramakrishnan VR, Orlandi RR, Citardi MJ, Smith TL, Fried MP, Kingdom TT. The use of image-guided surgery in endoscopic sinus surgery: an evidence-based review with recommendations. Int Forum Allergy Rhinology 2012 Oct 8 doi:10.1002/alr.21094 epub ahead of print.

Lee JYK, Ramakrishnan VR, Chiu AG, Palmer JN, Gausas RE. Endoscopic endonasal surgical resection of tumors of the medial orbital apex and wall. Clin Neurol Neurosurg 2012;114(1):93-8.

Ramakrishnan VR, Cooper S. Pharmacotherapy for Nonallergic Rhinitis. eMedicine from WebMD. Updated July 11, 2012. Available at: http://emedicine.medscape.com/article/874171-overview.

DeConde A, Ramakrishnan VR, Suh JD. The nasal floor graft for skull base reconstruction. Annals Otol Rhinol Laryngol 2012;121(2):91-5.

Feazel L, Robertson C, Ramakrishnan VR, Frank DN. Staphylococcus Aureus and microbiome diversity in chronic rhinosinusitis. Laryngoscope 2012;122(2):467-72.

Ramakrishnan VR, Kingdom TK, Hwang PH, Nayak J, Orlandi RR. Nationwide incidence of major complications in endoscopic sinus surgery. Int Forum Allergy and Rhinology 2012;2(1):34-9.

Suh JD, Ramakrishnan V, Chiu AG. The role of topical therapies in the treatment of chronic rhinosinusitis. Braz J Otorhinolaryngol 2011;77(6):680-1.

Weitzel NS, Puskas F, Weyant M, Ramakrishnan V. Laryngotracheal stenosis: clinical manifestations and management. Semin Cardiothorac Vasc Anesth 2011;15(4):169-75.

Suh JD, Ramakrishnan VR, Tajudeen B, Reger C, Kennedy DW, Chiu AG. Identification and treatment of nontuberculous Mycobacterium sinusitis. Am J Rhinol Allergy 2011;25(6):421-4.

Mudd PA, Katial RK, Alam R, Hohensee S, Ramakrishnan V, Kingdom TT. Variations in expression of matrix metalloproteinase-9 and tissue inhibitor of metalloproteinase in nasal mucosa of aspirin-sensitive versus aspirin-tolerant patients with nasal polyposis. Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol 2011;107(4):353-9.

Suh JD, Ramakrishnan VR, Zhang PJ, Wu AW, Wang MB, Palmer JN, Chiu AG. Diagnosis and Endoscopic Management of Sinonasal Schwannomas. ORL J Otorhinolaryngol Relat Spec 2011;73(6):308-312.

Ramakrishnan VR and Suh JD. How necessary are postoperative debridements after sinus surgery? Laryngoscope 2011;121(1):8-9.

Ramakrishnan VR, Suh JD, Chiu AG, and Palmer JN. The utility of a minimally invasive medial orbital approach in advanced endoscopic sinoorbital surgery. Laryngoscope 2011;121(2):437-41.

Scapa VI, Ramakrishnan VR, Mudd PA, Kingdom TT. Upregulation of RANTES in nasal polyps from patients with cystic fibrosis. Int Forum Allergy and Rhinology 2011;1(3):157-60.

Ramakrishnan VR and Kennedy DK. Advances in the surgical management of chronic sinusitis and nasal polyps. Curr Allergy Asthma Rep 2011;11(3):220-9.

Ramakrishnan VR, Suh JD, Chiu AG, and Palmer JN. The reliability of preoperative CSF pressure measurement in spontaneous CSF leaks and encephaloceles. Int Forum Allergy and Rhinology 2011;1(3):201-5.

Ramakrishnan VR, Suh JD, Chiu AG, and Palmer JN. Septal dislocation for access of the anterolateral maxillary sinus and infratemporal fossa. Am Journal Rhinol Allergy 2011;25(2):128-130.

Ramakrishnan VR, Suh JD, and Kennedy DK. The ethmoid skull base: a revised clinically relevant classification scheme. Int Forum Allergy and Rhinology 2011;1(5): 396-400. 

Feazel L, Frank DN, Ramakrishnan VR. Update on Bacterial Detection Methods: Implications for clinicians and researchers. Int Forum Allergy and Rhinology 2011;1(6):451-9.

Ramakrishnan VR, Durairaj VD, Kingdom TT. Endoscopic Management of Acquired Nasolacrimal Duct Obstruction Secondary to Radioactive Iodine Treatment for Thyroid Malignancy. J Aller Ther 2:110. doi:10.4172/2155- 6121.1000110.

Suh JD, Ramakrishnan V, Palmer JN. Biofilms. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2010 Jun;43(3):521-30.

Ramakrishnan VR, Palmer JN. Prevention and Management of Orbital Hematoma. Otolaryngol Clin North Am. 2010 Aug;43(4):789-800.

Ramakrishnan VR, Said S, Kingdom TT. Primary Leiomyosarcoma of the Sphenoid Sinus. Arch Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg 2009;135(9):949-52.

Ramakrishnan VR, Yao W, Campana J. Skin paddle survival using pectoralis major myocutaneous flap reconstruction of head and neck defects. Archives Facial Plast Surg 2009;11(5):306-310.

Ramakrishnan VR, Hink EM, Durairaj VD, Kingdom TT. Outcomes after endoscopic DCR without mucosal flap preservation. Am J Rhinol 2007;21(6):753-757. 

Ramakrishnan VR, Durairaj VD, Kingdom TT. Principles of endoscopic revision dacryocystorhinostomy. Operative Techniques in Otolaryngology 2008;19(3):177-181.

Singh B, Berry JA, Shoher A, Ramakrishnan V, Lucci A. COX-2 overexpression increases motility and invasion of breast cancer cells. Int J Oncol 2005;26(5):1393-9.

Ramakrishnan V, Shoher A, Ehrlich M, Powell S, Lucci A Jr. Atypical dermatofibrosarcoma protuberans in the breast. Breast J 2005;11(3):217-8.


Book Chapters

Chan KH, Ramakrishnan VR. Diseases of the Oral Cavity, Oropharynx, and Nasopharynx. Chapter in: Ballenger’s Otorhinolaryngology Head and Neck Surgery, 17th edition; Editors Snow, Wackym. Hamilton, Ontario:BC Decker Publisher, 2009.

Feazel LM, Ramakrishnan VR and Kingdom TK. Microbiology and Antibiotic Resistance in Chronic Rhinosinusitis Chapter in: Encyclopedia of Otolaryngology, Head and Neck Surgery, Editor Kountakis. Springer Publishers 2011.

Kennedy DW and Ramakrishnan VR. Functional Endoscopic Sinus Surgery: Concepts, Surgical Indications, and Techniques. Chapter in: Rhinology: Diseases of the Nose, Sinuses and Skull Base; Editors Kennedy and Hwang. Thieme 2012.

Ramakrishnan VR and Kingdom TT. Surgical Instruments in Revision Endoscopic Sinus Surgery. Chapter in: Revision Sinus Surgery; Editors Kountakis, Jacobs, Gosepath. Springer publications 2008.

Ramakrishnan VR and Palmer JN. Endoscopic Management of Sino-Orbital Disease. Chapter in: Practical Rhinology; Editors Simmen and Jones; Oxford University Press 2011.

Ramakrishnan VR and Palmer JN. Postoperative Care in Sinus Surgery. Chapter in: Practical Rhinology; Editors Simmen and Jones; Oxford University Press 2011.

Ramakrishnan VR. Endoscopic Approaches to Sinus Tumors. Chapter in: Sinonasal Tumors, Editors Chiu, Suh, and Ramakrishnan. Jaypee Publishers 2011.

Ramakrishnan VR and Kennedy DW. Perioperative Considerations in Sinus Tumor Surgery. Chapter in: Sinonasal Tumors, Editors Chiu, Suh, and Ramakrishnan. Jaypee Publishers 2011.

Ramakrishnan VR and Suh JD. Malignant Tumors of the Paranasal Sinuses. Chapter in: Sinonasal Tumors, Editors Chiu, Suh, and Ramakrishnan. Jaypee Publishers 2011.

Ramakrishnan VR and Waziri A. Postoperative Care in Skull Base Surgery. Chapter in: Comprehensive techniques in CSF leak repair and skull base reconstruction; Editor: Bleier. Karger Publishers 2012.

Ramakrishnan VR. Extended Frontal Sinus Surgery. Chapter in: Atlas of Endoscopic Sinus Surgery, Editors Chiu and Palmer. Elsevier Publishers 2013. (in press)

Ramakrishnan VR and Kingdom TK. Optic Nerve Decompression. Chapter in: Atlas of Endoscopic Sinus Surgery, Editors Chiu and Palmer. Elsevier Publishers 2013. (in press)

Ramakrishnan VR, Kingdom TK, and Orlandi RR. Role of structural anomalies in the nose and sinuses of patients with rhinosinusitis. Chapter in: Diseases of the sinuses, 2nd ed. Editors Chang, Incaudo,Gershwin. Springer Science US 2103. (in press)

Ramakrishnan VR and Kingdom TK. Chapter in: Office based rhinology, Editors Delgaudio, Wise, and Patel. Plural Publishing, 2013. (in press)

Suh JD and Ramakrishnan VR. Endoscopic Craniofacial Resection. Chapter in: Atlas of Endoscopic Sinus Surgery, Editors Chiu and Palmer. Elsevier Publishers 2012. (in press)

Research Interests

  • Inflammatory mechanisms of chronic rhinosinusitis, microbiology of chronic rhinosinusitis, minimally invasive skull base surgery and reconstruction, nasal polyps, and cystic fibrosis
    Microbiology of chronic sinusitis in unique patient populations
  • Minimally-invasive surgical techniques for sinus, orbit, and skull base surgery
  • New techniques for reconstruction of skull base defects
    Molecular analysis of nasal polyp tissue from patients with cystic fibrosis (NJH & UC Denver)
  • Clinical outcomes of medical and surgical management of chronic rhinosinusitis in patients with cystic fibrosis (NJH & UC Denver)
  • T-cell differentiation in chronic rhinosinusitis and cystic fibrosis (NJH & UC Denver)
  • Novel assessment of microbiology and topical therapies in chronic rhinosinusitis (UC Denver)
  • Innovative approaches to minimally invasive orbital surgery (UC Denver)
  • New techniques of skull base reconstruction (UC Denver)

American Rhinologic Society
American Academy of Facial Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery
American Academy of Otolaryngic Allergy
American Academy of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery